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新东方吴荞雪老师分析GMAT阅读常见题型及考点例举
发布时间:2021-09-15
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本文摘要:·少见题型与考点-主旨题 Gmat的文章多以以下三种类型经常出现,所以对应每种类别,我们可以通过主旨题选项中的一些关键词去寻找优先选择的答案: 说明解释类: discuss,describe,explain,present,pointout 抨击推新类: criticize,correct,question,compare... 对比区分类 distinction,distinguish,difference,contrast ·少见题型与考点-态度题 态度题虽然是较为简单

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·少见题型与考点-主旨题  Gmat的文章多以以下三种类型经常出现,所以对应每种类别,我们可以通过主旨题选项中的一些关键词去寻找优先选择的答案:  说明解释类:      discuss,describe,explain,present,pointout  抨击推新类:  criticize,correct,question,compare...  对比区分类  distinction,distinguish,difference,contrast  ·少见题型与考点-态度题  态度题虽然是较为简单的一种题目类型,但是对于Gre考试来说争分夺秒是获得高分的关键,那么此类题目若无更为快捷的辨别方法呢?首先我们再行来总结一下gmat文章中少见的态度词  -于是以评价  accessible可以解读的  admirable令人敬佩的  admitted有一点认同的  comprehensive综合的  enthusiastic充满著激情的novel精致的  important最重要的   persuasive有说服力的  acknowledged被接纳的  -胜评价  influential有影响力的  plausible看起来准确的   dubious另人猜测的  paradoxical对立的  inadequate严重不足的  unchalleged并未被挑战的  invalid违宪的  unsupported无根据的  inappropriate不合理的  这里influential经常被学生当成于是以评价来看来,但是事实上这个词一旦经常出现往往伴随着作者将在后文当中的负评价,所以遇上这个词一定要十分小心的对待。  由于gmat的文章大多以议论解释居多,所以作者的态度也是有一些既定的特点的,既然如此那么选项当中就有一些规律可以为大家所利用:  客观objective/unbiased/justified/disinterested   猜测skeptic/question/doubt  公正dispassionate/detached/neutral  (enthusiastic/indignant/indifference)*括号当中为反例  抨击criticize(decry/disparage/deprecate)  全面qualified/reserved/guarded    嘲讽ironic/amused(cynical)  [其他态度词]  a.一些副词:fortunately,unfortunately,merely,erroneously,falsely....  b.动词:mislead,overestimate,failto..  c.名词:limitation,misconception,omission...  下面我们来看一些例句:  1.Itwouldbewonderfultoobserveasingularityandobtaindirectevidenceoftheundoubtedlybizarrephenomenathatoccurnearone.Unfortunatelyinmostcasesadistantobservercannotseethesingularity;  2.Butthoseofuswhohoped,withKolb,thatKolb'snewlypublishedcompleteeditionofProust'scorrespondencefor1909woulddocumenttheprocessingreaterdetailaredisappointed.  3.ThomasHardy'simpulsesasawriter,allofwhichheindulgedinhisnovels,werenumerousanddivergent,andtheydidnotalwaysworktogetherinharmony.  4.Asfortheleft-eyedandright-eyedflatfish,theirdifference,howeverstriking,appearstobeanevolutionaryredherring.  5.Theactivityhasbeenbrisk,andanewcreedhasnowspread.  Theauthor'sattitudetowardthe“activity”mentionedinline23anditsconsequencescanbestbedescribedasoneof  (A)amusedtolerance  (B)mockingenvy  (C)gravedoubt  (D)angrydisapproval  (E)unrestrainedenthusiasm  这个例题当中brisk和new都归属于于是以评价词语,那么融合上面我们给大家的必选和替代性选项,答案很显著不能中选A。  ·少见题型与考点-逻辑题  Policymakersmustconfrontthedilemmathatfossilfuelscontinuetobeanindispensablesourceofenergyeventhoughburningthemproducesatmosphericaccumulationsofcarbondioxidethatincreasethelikelihoodofpotentiallydisastrousglobalclimatechange.Currently,technologythatwouldcapturecarbondioxideemittedbypowerplantsandsequesteritharmlesslyundergroundorunderseainsteadofreleasingitintotheatmospheremightdoublethecostofgeneratingelectricity.Butbecausesequestrationdoesnotaffectthecostofelectricitytransmissionanddistribution,deliveredpriceswillriseless,bynomorethan50percent.Researchintobettertechnologiesforcapturingcarbondioxidewillundoubtedlyleadtoloweredcosts.  1.Thepassageimplieswhichofthefollowingaboutthecurrentcostofgeneratingelectricity?  A.Itishigherthanitwouldbeifbettertechnologiesforcapturingcarbondioxidewereavailable。

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  B.Itissomewhatlessthanthecostofelectricitytransmissionanddistribution。  C.Itconstitutesatmosthalfofthedeliveredpriceofelectricity。  Currently,technology[thatwouldcapturecarbondioxideemittedbypowerplantsandsequesteritharmlesslyundergroundorunderseainsteadofreleasingitintotheatmosphere]mightdoublethecostofgeneratingelectricity.Butbecausesequestrationdoesnotaffectthecostofelectricitytransmissionanddistribution,deliveredpriceswillriseless,bynomorethan50percent.  最后价格(deliveredprice)=发电成本(generate)+传输成本(transmission)  用于环保技术后,发电成本增加了原本的一倍,但是最后价格快速增长不多达50%,可以得出结论,发电成本,最少占到最后价格的50%。  文章当中蕴藏了一个比较简单但是却更容易被学生忽视的逻辑推论,根据上述的推理小说,这道题答案应当中选C。

  ·少见题型与考点-三强关系  [强劲对比]  Africanmusic,unlikethemusicofsomeothercultures,wasbasedonatotalvisionoflifeinwhichmusicwasnotanisolatedsocialdomain.  Thephraseisolatedsocialdomainrefersto  (A)Africanmusicinrelationtocontemporarycultureasawhole  (B)musicasitmaybeperceivedinnon-Africancultures  (C)afeatureofAfricanmusicthataidedintransmittingAfricanculturalvalues  (D)anaspectoftheAfricanculturallegacy  (E)theinfluenceofmusiconcontemporaryculture  很显著通过unlike这个词,othercultures和Africanmusic包含了一个对比关系,那么两者的特点是要取反的。文章当中说道Africanmusicisnotanisolatedsocialdomain,所以正话反说,isolatedsocialdomain是othercultures的特点,那么最相似的答案是B。

  [强劲巨变]  Perhaps,somescientiststhought,migrantsdeterminetheirgeographicpositiononEarthbycelestialnavigation,almostashumannavigatorsusestarsandplanets,butthiswoulddemandoftheanimalsafantasticmapsense.  Inmaintainingthatmigratinganimalswouldneed“afantasticmapsense”todeterminetheirgeographicpositionbycelestialnavigation,theauthorintendstoexpress  (A)admirationfortheabilityofthemigrants  (B)skepticismaboutcelestialnavigationasanexplanation  (C)certainlythatthephenomenonofmigrationwillremainmysterious  (D)interestinanewmethodofaccountingforover-watermigration  (E)surprisethatanimalsapparentlynavigateinmuchthesamewaythathumanbeingsdo  一个巨变词的经常出现证明作者对于这种假说是不存在批评的,融合态度题的规律,这道题很更容易需要确认应当是B。  [强劲因果]  Inevitably,becauseHardydidnotcareinthewaythatnovelistssuchasFlaubertorJamescared,andthereforetookpathsofleastresistance.Thus,oneimpulseoftensurrenderedtoafresheroneand,unfortunately,insteadofexactingacompromise,simplydisappeared.  ThepassagesuppliesinformationtosuggestthatitsauthorwouldbemostlikelytoagreewithwhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthenovelistsFlaubertandJames?  (A)TheyindulgedmoreimpulsesintheirnovelsthandidHardyinhisnovels.  (B)TheyhaveelicitedagreaterdegreeoffavorableresponsefrommostliterarycriticsthanhasHardy.  (C)Inthewritingoftheirnovels,theyoftentookpainstoeffectacompromiseamongtheirvariousnovelisticimpulses.  (D)Regardingnovelisticconstruction,theycaredmoreabouttheopinionsofothernoveliststhanabouttheopinionsofordinaryreaders.  (E)Theywrotenovelsinwhichtheimpulsetowardrealismandtheimpulseawayfromrealismwereevidentinequalmeasure.  这道题里面只不过也包括了一个强劲对比,ThomasHardy和F以及J是对比,那么特点取反。

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TH从不不会作出让步,任由点子大肆转变,那么与之对比F和J就要作出让步忍痛割爱了,所以答案中选C。


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